Population & Language

10.3 million
Official: Azerbaijani

Capital & Borders

Borders: Russia, Georgia, Armenia, Turkey


Manat (AZN)


Winter (Cold); Summer (Dry and Hot)

Azerbaijan is a country located at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia in the Caucasus region. Baku is the capital of Azerbaijan, and it is also the country’s largest city. The official language is Azerbaijani, also known as Azeri Turkish. The majority of the population practices Islam, predominantly the Shiite branch. Azerbaijan has a rich history, with Persian, Ottoman, and Russian influences throughout the centuries. It was part of the Russian Empire before becoming a Soviet republic in 1920 and regained its independence with the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. Azerbaijan’s economy is heavily influenced by its oil and natural gas reserves, and the country has experienced significant economic growth in recent years. Azerbaijan is characterized by geographic diversity, with mountains, plains, and the Caspian Sea bordering part of the country. Azerbaijani culture is marked by a rich tradition of music, art, and literature. Azerbaijani carpets are also renowned worldwide.

One of the most notable aspects of Azerbaijan’s recent history is the conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh with Armenia. In 2020, a ceasefire agreement was reached after decades of tensions and armed conflicts.


The culture of Azerbaijan is a dynamic blend of Turkish, Persian, and Russian influences, reflecting its geographical location and tumultuous history. Music holds a significant place in Azerbaijani culture, with mugham, a genre of traditional music, being particularly famous. Traditional instruments such as the tar (string instrument) and kamancha (bowed string instrument) are commonly used. Azerbaijani traditional dances are often energetic and rhythmic, with Lezginka being one of the most famous, characterized by fast movements and jumps. Azerbaijani carpets are renowned worldwide. Patterns and techniques vary by region, and each carpet tells a unique story. Pottery craftsmanship is also popular.

Azerbaijan has a rich literary tradition dating back centuries. Classical poets like Nizami Ganjavi are revered, and poetry plays a significant role in the culture. Azerbaijani cuisine is diverse and delicious, featuring popular dishes such as plov (rice pilaf), dolma (stuffed vine leaves), and kebabs. Persian and Turkish influences are evident in many dishes. The Azerbaijani language is rich in poetry and prose, with Azerbaijani literature having a long history, and modern writers continuing to contribute to this tradition. Azerbaijanis celebrate various national and religious holidays. Novruz Bayramı, the Persian New Year, is one of the most significant holidays, marking the beginning of spring. Cultural festivals, art exhibitions, and musical events are regularly organized, showcasing the nation’s cultural richness. Azerbaijan attracts tourists with its historical sites, diverse landscapes, and modern attractions such as the Flame Towers in Baku.


 Azerbaijani cuisine is rich in flavors, featuring a delicate combination of herbs, spices, and fresh ingredients. Influenced by Turkish, Persian, and Russian culinary traditions, Azerbaijani cuisine offers a variety of delicious dishes. Here are some iconic elements of Azerbaijani cuisine:

  • Plov (Pilaf): Plov is a dish of rice cooked with pieces of meat (usually lamb or chicken), dried fruits, spices, and sometimes nuts. It is one of the most popular and festive dishes in Azerbaijan.
  • Dolma: Stuffed vine leaves, known as dolma, are a traditional dish often filled with minced meat, rice, and spices, creating a flavorful delicacy.
  • Kebab: Meat skewers, or kebabs, are common in Azerbaijan. They can be prepared with lamb, beef, chicken, or fish, seasoned with herbs and spices.
  • Lavangi: Lavangi is a dish made with fish stuffed with nuts, garlic, and spices, then grilled or baked. It is a specialty of the Karabakh region.
  • Dushbara: Dushbara are small dumplings filled with minced meat and cooked in broth. They are often served with yogurt.
  • Kutabs: Kutabs are thin pancakes filled with minced meat, herbs, or pumpkin. They can be baked or pan-fried.
  • Govurma: This dish involves slowly cooking meat (usually lamb) with vegetables, spices, and sometimes dried fruits.
  • Dovga: This thick soup is made with yogurt, grains, herbs, and sometimes spinach. It is often consumed during the Novruz period, the Persian New Year.
  • Pakhlava: Pakhlavas are sweet pastries, similar to baklava, made with nuts, honey, and puff pastry. They are often prepared during festive occasions.
  • Ashour: This sweet soup is made with wheat, dried fruits, nuts, and sugar. It is typically prepared to celebrate the Persian New Year, Novruz.
  • Azerbaijani Tea: Tea holds a significant place in Azerbaijani culture. It is often served strong and accompanied by jams, pastries, or dried fruits.


Azerbaijani cuisine offers a diverse culinary experience, combining ancient traditions and regional influences. It serves as a window into the culture and history of the country, with each dish telling a unique story.


Azerbaijan offers a variety of tourism experiences, reflecting its rich natural resources, ancient history, and cultural attractions. Cultural Tourism : Explore historic cities such as Baku, with its Old Town (Icherisheher), the Palace of the Shirvanshahs, and other cultural sites. Museums, art galleries, and cultural festivals provide enriching experiences. Historical Tourism: Discover ancient history at sites like the Sheki Palace, Baku’s Old Town, the Nizami Mausoleum, and the petroglyphs of Gobustan National Park. Natural Tourism: Nature enthusiasts can explore national parks, the Caucasus Mountains, lakes like Goygol, and the Guba Reserve. Absheron Peninsula offers diverse landscapes. Adventure Tourism : Mountains and national parks provide opportunities for hiking, climbing, winter skiing, mountain biking, and more. Shahdag National Park is particularly popular for outdoor activities. Thermal and Wellness Tourism: Azerbaijan boasts natural thermal springs, especially in the Naftalan region. Some hotels and wellness centers offer spa treatments using oil-based products. Religious Tourism: Explore religious sites such as the Ateshgah Fire Temple, a Zoroastrian place of worship, and various historical mosques. Culinary Tourism: Food enthusiasts can savor Azerbaijani flavors by trying traditional dishes like plov, dolma, kebabs, and sweet delights such as pakhlava. Business Tourism: Baku, as the economic hub of the region, attracts business travelers with modern infrastructure and commercial opportunities. Event Tourism: Cultural events, festivals, and exhibitions draw visitors globally. The Baku International Film Festival is a major cinematic event. Cruise Tourism: The Caspian Sea offers cruise opportunities, exploring the picturesque coasts of Azerbaijan. Bird Watching Tourism: The Guba Reserve and other natural areas are prime locations for observing a variety of migratory birds.

Azerbaijan, with its geographical and cultural diversity, provides a plethora of travel experiences tailored to different interests and preferences of travelers.


Azerbaijan boasts a plethora of diverse tourist sites, ranging from the historically rich Old Town of Baku to the breathtaking natural landscapes of Gobustan National Park.

  • Old Town of Baku (Icherisheher): This historic old town is surrounded by medieval walls and is home to landmarks such as the Maiden Tower, the Palace of the Shirvanshahs, and the Tezepir Mosque.
  • Maiden Tower: Symbolizing Baku, this medieval tower offers a panoramic view of the Old Town and beyond.
  • Palace of the Shirvanshahs: A medieval architectural complex featuring palaces, mausoleums, and mosques, showcasing the royal history of the region.
  • Heydar Aliyev Center: Designed by Zaha Hadid, this iconic building houses the National Museum of Azerbaijani Arts and stands as a remarkable example of modern architecture.
  • Gobustan National Park: Famous for its prehistoric petroglyphs, this UNESCO World Heritage site provides a fascinating glimpse into ancient life.
  • Lake Goygol: Nestled in the mountains, this picturesque lake surrounded by forests is an ideal relaxation spot.
  • Shahdag National Park: A popular mountain destination offering hiking and skiing opportunities, along with spectacular views.
  • Sheki: A historic city known for its richly decorated royal palace, charming streets, and traditional craftsmanship.
  • Ateshgah Fire Temple: A unique Zoroastrian site with fire temples and natural gas springs.
  • Guba Reserve: A preserved natural area with apple orchards, lush forests, and bird-watching opportunities.
  • Mount Bazarduzu: Azerbaijan’s highest mountain, providing hiking opportunities for adventure enthusiasts.
  • Naftalan: Famous for its petroleum-rich thermal springs, offering wellness treatments.
  • Palace of Shaki Khans: Another historical site in Sheki, this palace testifies to the region’s rich history.
  • Nizami Mausoleum: A mausoleum dedicated to the classical poet Nizami Ganjavi located in Ganja.
  • Hirkan National Park: A preserved national park with exceptional biodiversity, perfect for nature lovers.
  • Lahij Town: Famous for its copper craftsmanship, this picturesque town provides an immersion into artisanal traditions.
  • Flame Towers: These iconic skyscrapers illuminate the Baku skyline at night.
  • Yanar Dag (Burning Mountain): A mountain that continuously burns due to natural gas emissions.


These sites offer a diverse glimpse of Azerbaijan, from historical and cultural treasures to unique natural wonders. Whether exploring the Old Town of Baku, discovering prehistoric rock carvings, or enjoying mountainous landscapes, Azerbaijan provides a rich and varied tourist experience.